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Einführung in Xfce Panel Plugins

Lade Sie ein externes Beispiel Plugin herunter welches auch über den Goodies SVN ausgecheckt werden kann.

Einleitung

Seit der Xfce-4.4 Version gibt es zwei Arten von Plugins für das Panel. Einmal sind das die Internen, die als Module geladen werden können die das GModule Interface nutzen und die Externen Plugins die seperate Programme sind und eingebettet werden die den GtkPlug und GtkSocket Mechanismus nutzen.

Für diese Plugins wurde das Plugin-System komplett mit den restenlichen Panel-Framework neu geschrieben. Diese Seite beschreibt wie Plugin-Entwickler mit diesem System arbeiten.

Die API-Dokumentation wurde auch mit dem Panel installiert und ist auch auf der Seite http://www.xfce.org/documentation/api/ zu finden.

.desktop Dateien

Neu in der Version 4.4 ist die Voraussetzung für sogenannte .desktop Dateien welche als pluginname.desktop installiert werden. So würde ein Externes-Plugin aussehen:

[Xfce Panel]
Type=X-XFCE-PanelPlugin
Encoding=UTF-8
_Name=Plugin name
_Comment=Plugin description
Icon=gtk-icon-name
X-XFCE-Exec=<prefix>/libexec/xfce4/panel-plugins/<plugin_name>

Für ein Internes-Plugin würde es wie folgt aussehen:

X-XFCE-Module=<plugin_name>
X-XFCE-Module-Path=<prefix>/lib/xfce4/panel-plugins

Wenn das Modul nicht mehr als eine Instanz gleichzeitig laufen hat, fügen Sie diese Zeile hinzu:

X-XFCE-Unique=true

Library

The necessary widgets are provided by libxfce4panel. In your configure.ac you should add a line like this:

XDT_CHECK_PACKAGE ([LIBXFCE4PANEL], [libxfce4panel-1.0], [4.3.99.2])

The above assumes that you are using the xfce4-dev-tools package, which you really should, because it will make your life easier. Otherwise, you'd have to adjust it to include the relevant PKG_CONFIG macro.

Header File

There is only one header file that needs to be included, which will take care of including other required headers (gtk and libxfce4util):

#include <libxfce4panel/xfce-panel-plugin.h>

Plugin Registration

To register a plugin with the plugin system there are two macros available that should be used, instead of using the library functions directly; one for internal plugins and one for external plugins.

XFCE_PANEL_PLUGIN_REGISTER_EXTERNAL(construct);
XFCE_PANEL_PLUGIN_REGISTER_INTERNAL(construct);

The 'construct' argument is the name of a function that may be cast to XfcePanelPluginFunc, i.e. it takes a single XfcePanelPlugin pointer as argument. In the function all widgets should be created and callbacks connected to the appropriate plugin signals (see below).

example usage

static void plugin_construct (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);

XFCE_PANEL_PLUGIN_REGISTER_EXTERNAL (plugin_construct);

/* implement functions */
...

Signals

There are several signals that plugins may be interested in:

orientation changed

void
user_function (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin, 
               GtkOrientation   orientation,
               gpointer         user_data);

screen position changed

void
user_function (XfcePanelPlugin    *plugin,
	       XfceScreenPosition *position,
	       gpointer            user_data);

The XfceScreenPosition describes the position of the panel on the screen. There are 12 positions, 3 on each side, plus two floating positions.

typedef enum
{
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_NONE,
  
    /* top */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_NW_H,          /* North West Horizontal */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_N,             /* North                 */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_NE_H,          /* North East Horizontal */
 
    /* left */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_NW_V,          /* North West Vertical   */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_W,             /* West                  */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_SW_V,          /* South West Vertical   */
    
    /* right */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_NE_V,          /* North East Vertical   */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_E,             /* East                  */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_SE_V,          /* South East Vertical   */

    /* bottom */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_SW_H,          /* South West Horizontal */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_S,             /* South                 */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_SE_H,          /* South East Horizontal */

    /* floating */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_FLOATING_H,    /* Floating Horizontal */
    XFCE_SCREEN_POSITION_FLOATING_V,    /* Floating Vertical */
}
XfceScreenPosition;

Several macros are defined to make it easier to work with screen positions:

xfce_screen_position_is_horizontal(position);
xfce_screen_position_get_orientation(position);
xfce_screen_position_is_floating(position);
xfce_screen_position_is_top(position);
xfce_screen_position_is_left(position);
xfce_screen_position_is_right(position);
xfce_screen_position_is_bottom(position);

size changed

This function will return TRUE when you handle the size change

gboolean
user_function (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin, 
               gint             size,
               gpointer         user_data);

free data

void
user_function (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin,
	       gpointer         user_data);

save

void
user_function (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin,
	       gpointer         user_data);

about

void
user_function (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin,
	       gpointer         user_data);

To show the menu item the plugin writer should also call:

void
xfce_panel_plugin_menu_show_about (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);

configure-plugin

void
user_function (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin,
	       gpointer         user_data);

To show the menu item the plugin writer should also call:

void
xfce_panel_plugin_menu_show_configure (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);

Properties

Several functions are available to get more information about the plugin (and the panel it is part of). Only one property can also be changed, the 'expand' behavior. The plugin API also provides convenience functions to store and retrieve a pointer to user data.

/* identification */
const gchar *
xfce_panel_plugin_get_name (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);

const gchar *
xfce_panel_plugin_get_id (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);

const gchar *
xfce_panel_plugin_get_display_name (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);
/* getting properties */
gint
xfce_panel_plugin_get_size (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);

XfceScreenPosition 
xfce_panel_plugin_get_screen_position (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);

gboolean
xfce_panel_plugin_get_expand (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);

GtkOrientation
xfce_panel_plugin_get_orientation (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);
/* settings properties */
void xfce_panel_plugin_set_expand (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin, 
                                   gboolean         expand);

The plugin has a right-click mouse menu connected to it that allows the user to show the about or settings dialog, to remove the plugin, or to show the panel settings dialog. Plugin writers have to make sure all widgets in the plugin that receive mouse events are connected to the menu by using the xfce_panel_plugin_add_action_widget() function. A plugin can also add additional, custom menu items.

IMPORTANT: If your custom menu item allows changes to the plugin, make sure it is safe when running in Kiosk mode!

void
xfce_panel_plugin_add_action_widget (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin, 
                                     GtkWidget       *widget);
void
xfce_panel_plugin_menu_insert_item (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin,
                                    GtkMenuItem     *item);

If your plugin has a configuration dialog you need to make that menu item visible and connect to the „configure-plugin“ signal. The same for an about dialog and the „about“ signal.

void xfce_panel_plugin_menu_show_about (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);
void xfce_panel_plugin_menu_show_configure (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);

Configuration

Plugins can save and retrieve their configuration, using a unique file name. There's one function for looking up the config file for reading and one for the file to save.

gchar *
xfce_panel_plugin_lookup_rc_file (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin);
gchar *
xfce_panel_plugin_save_location (XfcePanelPlugin *plugin,
                                 gboolean         create);

Testing and Releasing the plugin

When you test your new plugin, use the -Wall -Werror CFLAGS (and a recent version of GCC) to detect code problems. Also make sure the plugins is linked (plugin_name_LDADD in Makefile.am) to all the needed libraries, so there will be no problems when building with LDFLAGS=“-Wl,–as-needed“.

For creating a release you need to run ./autogen.sh && make distcheck. Fix all warnings and errors in make distcheck before distributing the package.

Debugging

One can use Valgrind to debug external plugins, using the technique described here.

de/dev/howto/panel_plugins.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2010/10/02 17:26 (Externe Bearbeitung)