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midori:faq [2012/11/18 20:55]
kalikiana [Flash doesn't work]
midori:faq [2014/06/05 00:44] (current)
gue5t mention about:version directly
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 **This document is licensed under the LGPL 2.1.** **This document is licensed under the LGPL 2.1.**
  
-This is a list of frequently asked questions about the Midori Web Browser. Anyone feel free to improve ​and/ or extend this page, but keep it clean and easy to read for other Xfce users.+This is a list of frequently asked questions about the Midori Web Browser. Anyone ​should ​feel free to improve or extend this page, but keep it clean and easy to read for other users.
  
-====== ​Getting started ​======+====== ​About Midori ​======
  
 === What is "​Midori"​ and why should I use it? === === What is "​Midori"​ and why should I use it? ===
-Midori is a Web Browser, ​that aims to be lightweight and fast. It aligns well with the Xfce philosophy of making the most out of available resources.+Midori is a Web browser ​that aims to be lightweight and fast. It aligns well with the Xfce philosophy of making the most out of available resources. It has a customizable interface using the GTK+ toolkit.
  
 === How to pronounce Midori and what does the name mean? === === How to pronounce Midori and what does the name mean? ===
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 === On which platforms does Midori run currently? === === On which platforms does Midori run currently? ===
-Midori is basically very portable and should run on all platforms that its dependencies support.+Midori is portable and should run on all platforms that its dependencies support. Releases exist on various Linux distributions,​ for Windows versions prior to 8.1 (for now), and BSD.
  
 === Under which license is Midori distributed?​ === === Under which license is Midori distributed?​ ===
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 === Why does Google Mail/ Calendar/ Maps, Facebook not work or show mobile version? === === Why does Google Mail/ Calendar/ Maps, Facebook not work or show mobile version? ===
  
-Some websites ​discriminate against ​your browser.+Some websites ​give up if they don't recognize ​your browser ​as Chrome, Firefox, IE, etc.
  
-If you have Midori older than 0.3.5, go to Preferences > Network > Identify As, and choose Custom. Paste this into the entry:+You can change the browser name sent to web sites at Preferences > Network > Identify As
  
-Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux) AppleWebKit/531.2+ Midori/0.+Either choose a predefined user-agent or choose Custom and find a suitable string in [[http://useragentstring.com/pages/​useragentstring.php|a list]].
- +
-If this doesn'​t do the trick, try choosing Safari or Firefox.+
  
 Many other websites use similar means of detecting the browser. Many other websites use similar means of detecting the browser.
  
-Ideally ​Google ​would follow ​[[http://​code.google.com/​p/​doctype/​wiki/​ArticleGoogleChromeCompatFAQ#​UserAgent_Detection|their own recommendation]] at some point.+Google [[http://​web.archive.org/​web/​20100625211333/​http://​code.google.com/​p/​doctype/​wiki/​ArticleGoogleChromeCompatFAQ|previously recommended]] the superior practice for website creators of checking which features are present rather than browser name/​version,​ but has since weakened this stance with their browser'​s growing market share.
  
 === There are missing icons/ warnings === === There are missing icons/ warnings ===
-The set of themed ​icons Midori can use is very limited. For instance icons for a new tab or the throbber ​are not guaranteed to be available. To fix this, install a Freedesktop.org spec compliant icon theme, such as Elementary, Faenza, Buuf or GNOME.+Midori uses a wide variety ​of icons which may not be present in all themes. For instance icons for a new tab, to represent scripts, ​or the throbber ​may not available. To fix this, install a Freedesktop.org spec compliant icon theme, such as Elementary, Faenza, Buuf or GNOME. 
 + 
 +if you need to set a custom path for these to be "​searched in" (Kiosks and embedded devices for example): 
 + 
 +XDG_DATA_HOME=/​path/​to/​location ​  
 + 
 +will add an extra path for the icons/... directory 
 + 
 +In addition, GTK3 may remove icons from menus. This may be changed by placing <​code>​gtk-menu-images=true</​code>​ in the file ~/​.config/​gtk-3.0/​settings.ini
  
 === Tweaking Midori on the Gtk level === === Tweaking Midori on the Gtk level ===
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 Enable changing hotkeys while hovering menu items: Enable changing hotkeys while hovering menu items:
 <​code>​gtk-can-change-accels = 1</​code>​ <​code>​gtk-can-change-accels = 1</​code>​
 +
 +=== Disable middle click pasting ===
 +As of GTK+ >= 3.4 one can disable it globally in ~/​.gtkrc-2.0
 +<​code>​gtk-enable-primary-paste = 0</​code>​
 +
 +Otherwise by adding a line to ~/​.config/​midori/​config
 +<​code>​middle-click-opens-selection=false</​code>​
  
 === Midori crashes shortly before pages are loaded === === Midori crashes shortly before pages are loaded ===
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 export XDG_CACHE_HOME=/​dev/​shm export XDG_CACHE_HOME=/​dev/​shm
- 
 ===== Security features ===== ===== Security features =====
  
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 === Certificate Handling === === Certificate Handling ===
  
-Midori >= 0.4.7 supports [[gcr|http://​git.gnome.org/​browse/​gcr/​tree/​gcr]] for certificate display and management, you can click the lock in the urlbar to see detailed information. Earlier versions, or one without gcr will not handle certificates beyond the lock icon in the urlbar.+Midori uses the system'​s ca-certificates,​ the exact locations depend on the distribution. 
 + 
 +Midori >= 0.4.7 supports [[http://​git.gnome.org/​browse/​gcr/​tree/​gcr|gcr]] for certificate display and management, you can click the lock in the urlbar to see detailed information. Earlier versions, or one without gcr will not handle certificates beyond the lock icon in the urlbar.
  
 == Error granting trust: Couldn'​t find a place to store the imported certificate == == Error granting trust: Couldn'​t find a place to store the imported certificate ==
  
-No key store is available or it's incorrectly setup. By default GNOME keyring can do this. Under Xfce it is recommended to enable "GNOME services"​ under "​Session and Startup settings"​. ​Otherwise this can occur if a script doesn'​t correctly send the output of "​gnome-keyring --startup"​ to the environment.+No key store is available or it's incorrectly setup. By default GNOME keyring can do this. Under Xfce it is recommended to enable "GNOME services"​ under "​Session and Startup settings"​. ​To make sure, that the output of "​gnome-keyring --startup" ​is correctly sent to the environment, you can add "​export `gnome-keyring-daemon --start`"​ to .xinitrc.
  
 == A testcase for self-signed certificates == == A testcase for self-signed certificates ==
  
 https://​selfsigned.notyours.dk:​444/​menu.gif https://​selfsigned.notyours.dk:​444/​menu.gif
- 
 ===== Flash doesn'​t work ===== ===== Flash doesn'​t work =====
  
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 === Flash is crashing/ No Flash with GTK+3 === === Flash is crashing/ No Flash with GTK+3 ===
  
-nspluginwrapper is a program that runs Flash and other Netscape plugins in a separate process. So a crash can'​t ​cresh the whole browser and Flash, which is GTK+2 can run in GTK+3.+nspluginwrapper is a program that runs Flash and other Netscape plugins in a separate process. So a crash can'​t ​crash the whole browser and Flash, which is GTK+2 can run in GTK+3.
  
 <code bash> <code bash>
 sudo apt-get install nspluginwrapper sudo apt-get install nspluginwrapper
-sudo nspluginwrapper ​-/usr/lib/​flashplugin-installer/​libflashplayer.so +# On Debian/ Ubuntu ​on other systems http://get.adobe.com/de/​flashplayer/​ 
-nspluginwrapper -v -a -n -i+sudo apt-get install ​flashplugin-installer 
 +# cd into the folder where the plugin was installed 
 +nspluginwrapper -v -a -n -i libflashplayer.so
 </​code>​ </​code>​
 +
 +~/.mozilla can also be used with Adobe'​s tarball if system-wide install is not an option. The approach is confirmed to work with x86-64 as well.
 +
 +Another remedy is using WebKit2 - starting with Midori 0.4.9 experimental support is available, [[https://​trac.webkit.org/​wiki/​WebKitGTK/​WebKit2Roadmap|progress on WebKit2GTK+ can be seen in the WebKit wiki]].
  
 === HTTPS URLS won't load === === HTTPS URLS won't load ===
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 === Scroll with middle mouse button/ pan-scrolling === === Scroll with middle mouse button/ pan-scrolling ===
 +
 +Windows-style middle-click behavior is 
  
 http://​ubuntuforums.org/​showthread.php?​t=478418 http://​ubuntuforums.org/​showthread.php?​t=478418
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 Upstream Bug: https://​bugs.webkit.org/​show_bug.cgi?​id=50561 Upstream Bug: https://​bugs.webkit.org/​show_bug.cgi?​id=50561
  
-=== HTML5 Video doesn'​t play ===+=== HTML5 Video/ Audio doesn'​t play ===
  
-You need to have GStreamer plugins installed which implement the codecs.+[[#​midori_architecture|Midori uses GStreamer]] for HTML5 audio and video support. Codecs, which handle particular formats of audio or video, are provided by GStreamer plugins ​which may need to be installed ​separately. Midori may be built with GTK+2 or GTK+3 (visit about:​version to check), ​which correspond to GStreamer versions of 0.10 or 1.0 respectively.
  
-  - You need gstreamer0.10-pulse if you're using PulseAudio. +  - You need gstreamer(0.10/1.0)-pulse if you're using PulseAudio. 
-  - You may need gstreamer0.10-alsa for ALSA, depending on your distribution. +  - You may need gstreamer(0.10/1.0)-alsa for ALSA, depending on your distribution. 
-  - You need plugins for Theora, ​gstreamer0.10-base and MPEG-4 incluing aac (e.g. gst-plugins-faad), ​gstreamer0.10-bad. For WebM, you'll need plugins for vorbis (-base), matroska (-good), and vp8 (-bad). Have a look at http://​www.gstreamer.net/​documentation/​plugins.html for details.+  - You need plugins for Theora, ​gstreamer(0.10/1.0)-base and MPEG-4 incluing aac (e.g. gst-plugins-faad), ​gstreamer(0.10/1.0)-bad. For WebM, you'll need plugins for vorbis (-base), matroska (-good), and vp8 (-bad). Have a look at http://​www.gstreamer.net/​documentation/​plugins.html for details.
   - For Youtube or Vimeo, you need WebKitGTK+ 1.1.20 or newer.   - For Youtube or Vimeo, you need WebKitGTK+ 1.1.20 or newer.
   - You can [[http://​ie.microsoft.com/​testdrive/​Graphics/​VideoFormatSupport/​Default.html|test your installed codecs here]]..   - You can [[http://​ie.microsoft.com/​testdrive/​Graphics/​VideoFormatSupport/​Default.html|test your installed codecs here]]..
-  - Since Midori 0.3.5 you can look at "about:​version" ​to see which video codecs you have installed.+  - You can look at about:​version to see which video codecs you have installed.
  
 === Java doesn'​t work, applets don't show up === === Java doesn'​t work, applets don't show up ===
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 You need to set Preferences > Network > Identify As to Firefox. You need to set Preferences > Network > Identify As to Firefox.
 +
 +=== Google Docs says "Clear your caches"​ ===
 +
 +If you use the Adblock extension, EasyPrivacy may conflict with Google Docs. Disable the subscription if you use it. Otherwise try disabling Adblock entirely.
  
 === Opening html email with Mutt === === Opening html email with Mutt ===
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 LXDE is unfortunately not supported yet, see https://​bugs.freedesktop.org/​show_bug.cgi?​id=26058 LXDE is unfortunately not supported yet, see https://​bugs.freedesktop.org/​show_bug.cgi?​id=26058
  
-=== Open magnet:, irc:, apt: and friends ​with an application ===+=== Open magnet:, irc:, apt:, bitcoin: ​with an application ===
  
 As of git 2011-03-05 02:40:00 UTC and Midori 0.3.3 you can As of git 2011-03-05 02:40:00 UTC and Midori 0.3.3 you can
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 Note that incomplete .desktop files will silently fail and it will look as if it doesn'​t exist. Note that incomplete .desktop files will silently fail and it will look as if it doesn'​t exist.
 +
 +For [[http://​electrum.org/​bitcoin_URIs.html|bitcoin:​]],​ try [[http://​electrum.org/​index.html|Electrum]] or [[http://​multibit.org/​|Multibit]].
  
 === Spell check === === Spell check ===
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 Any links outside end up in an error page. All images and other files won't be loaded. Any links outside end up in an error page. All images and other files won't be loaded.
 +
 +===== Always open Midori in Fullscreen =====
 +
 +Using the WM to get Midori into fullscreen mode, or calling "​midori -e Fullscreen"​ is the typical way. On the next startup Midori will remember the last window size and state.
 +
 +If for whatever reason this isn't enough, [[https://​live.gnome.org/​DevilsPie|DevilsPie]] can force Midori to the desired state:
 +
 +~/​.devilspie/​midori.ds
 +
 +(begin
 +    (if
 +        (and
 +            (is (application_name) "​Midori"​)
 +        )
 +            (begin
 +                (maximize)
 +            )
 +    )
 +)
 +
 +===== Overriding settings and loading extensions =====
 +
 +As of Midori 0.5.0 the --execute command line switch got more powerful:
 +
 +''​midori -e libcolorful-tabs.so=true''​
 +
 +''​midori -e enable-javascript=false''​
  
 ====== Proxy servers ====== ====== Proxy servers ======
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 === Are SOCKS proxy servers supported? === === Are SOCKS proxy servers supported? ===
  
-The coming ​libSoup 2.40 will support ​SOCKS proxies, ​[[https://​bugzilla.gnome.org/​show_bug.cgi?​id=553269|see ​the relevant bug report]].+As of Midori 0.5.0 and libSoup 2.40 SOCKS proxies ​can be used, the Preferences dialog lists detected types and accepts curl syntax.
  
 libSoup < 2.40 only supports HTTP proxy servers directly. A way to use SOCKS on Unix is to use tsocks with SSH as follows: libSoup < 2.40 only supports HTTP proxy servers directly. A way to use SOCKS on Unix is to use tsocks with SSH as follows:
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 By default the right mouse button initiates gestures. By default the right mouse button initiates gestures.
  
-You can change the button using a hidden option:+You can change the button ​(for example, to the middle mouse button) ​using a hidden option:
  
-  - Create a text file ~/​.config/​midori/​extensions/​libmouse-gestures.so/​config .+  - Create a text file ~/​.config/​midori/​extensions/​libmouse-gestures.so/​**config** .
   - Type the following in there:   - Type the following in there:
  
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     button=2     button=2
  
-For a quick and dirty overview ​of the gestures in the current release take a look at the [[http://www.matthiaskruk.de/midori/mouse-gestures.pdf|preliminary manual]]+As of Midori 0.5.0 individual ​gestures ​can be configured freely ​in the file ~/.config/midori/extensions/​libmouse-gestures.so/​**gestures** ​
-Further information is available ​at the [[http://​www.matthiaskruk.de/​midori|MGX website]].+Consult "​midori --help-execute"​ for a list of available ​actions, which are placed on the left of the equals signOn the right goes a sequence of directions, (W)est, (E)east, (N)orth, (S)outh, (S)outh(W)est,​ etc., with a semicolon (;) after each, as shown below:
  
-Additionally,​ there are programs allowing mouse gestures ​system-wide,​ for example [[http://​easystroke.wiki.sourceforge.net/​|EasyStroke]].+    [gestures] 
 +    Quit=W;E; 
 +    TabPrevious=SW;​ 
 +    TabNext=SE;
  
 +Additionally,​ there are programs allowing mouse gestures system-wide,​ for example [[http://​easystroke.wiki.sourceforge.net/​|EasyStroke]].
 ====== User scripts and styles ====== ====== User scripts and styles ======
  
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 Customize as needed: Customize as needed:
  
-<​code>​a[href]:​hover {+<​code ​css>​a[href]:​hover {
             text-decoration:​ none !important;             text-decoration:​ none !important;
         }         }
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             z-index: 9999;             z-index: 9999;
         }</​code>​         }</​code>​
 +
 +=== Tweaking fonts via CSS ===
 +
 +If changing system-wide font settings isn't bringing the desired results or rendering should be tweaked only for websites CSS can be an alternative. Add the following to **~/​.local/​share/​midori/​styles**,​ then restart Midori and make sure that it is enabled Tools → Userstyles.
 +
 +Customize as needed:
 +
 +<code css>* {
 +    font-smooth:​always;​
 +    -webkit-font-smoothing:​ antialiased;​
 +    text-rendering:​ optimizeLegibility
 +}</​code>​
 +
 +====== Midori Architecture ======
 +
 +Midori stands on the shoulders of three giants in particular: the software libraries [[http://​www.gtk.org/​|GTK+]],​ [[http://​webkitgtk.org/​|WebKitGTK+]],​ and [[https://​developer.gnome.org/​libsoup/​|libsoup]]. GTK+ provides the buttons, windows and menus, WebKitGTK+ draws and controls web pages, and libsoup downloads those pages.
 +
 +WebKitGTK+ itself uses two other important libraries: [[https://​www.webkit.org/​projects/​javascript/​index.html|JavaScriptCore]],​ a WebKit project which runs scripts on web pages; and [[http://​gstreamer.freedesktop.org/​|GStreamer]],​ which plays HTML5 video and audio.
 +===== WebKit Version Numbers =====
 +
 +WebKit is the core of the Midori browser, and it determines how web pages are rendered. Because WebKit is a complex piece of software and compatible with various libraries, its version numbers and naming schemes can at times be confusing.
 +
 +WebKit itself is a library which works in many environments,​ such as Windows, OS X, and various Linux DE. There are different "​ports",​ one of which corresponds to each of these environments,​ and each of which is slightly different in bugs and features at any given time. The WebKit port used by Midori (because Midori is built with GTK+) is WebKitGTK+.
 +
 +WebKitGTK+ can be compiled against either GTK+2 or GTK+3. This will result in library filenames like libwebkitgtk-1.0.so or libwebkitgtk-3.0.so,​ respectively. This has nothing to do with the version of WebKit itself.
 +
 +WebKit has a "new API layer ... designed from the ground up to support a split process model"​--so pages can crash without the entire browser crashing. This layer is called WebKit2, and for WebKitGTK+ it requires building against GTK+3, producing a library file called libwebkit2gtk-3.0.so.
 +
 +To find out the version of WebKitGTK+ your build of Midori is using, visit about:​version.
 +
 +=== Version Number Interactions ===
 +
 +The WebKit2 API layer is available from fairly old WebKit versions through the present, but Midori'​s WebKit2 support requires version 2.0.0 or newer of WebKitGTK+. Current versions of WebKitGTK+ continue to support GTK+2 and GTK+3 (the latter since 1.4.x or so). As stated above, the WebKit2 API layer is only available with GTK+3.
 +
 +Midori'​s support for WebKit2 is still provisional,​ and likely unsuitable for real-world daily usage; much work is being done in this area so that Midori can use WebKit2 by default at some point in the future.
 +
 +====== Midori and mediaHerald ======
 +
 +
 +mediaHerald is a dbus service (/​org/​midori/​mediaHeraldallow) users to connect to dbus and check the titme and url of the video that midori plays in **YOUTUBE**,​ **VIMEO** or **DAILYMOTION**,​ the extension which does the work is called webmedia-now-playing.
 +
 +If you want to get the video title and the uri is easy more than easy :-) .
 +<code bash>
 +#!/bin/sh
 +
 +eval $(dbus-send --session --print-reply --dest=org.midori.mediaHerald /​org/​midori/​mediaHerald org.freedesktop.DBus.Properties.GetAll string:"​org.midori.mediaHerald"​ | awk '
 +    /​string ​ *"​VideoTitle/​{
 +        while (1) {
 +            getline line
 +            if (line ~ /string "/)
 +                sub(/​.*string /, "​TITLE=",​ line)
 +                print line
 +                break
 +            }
 +        }
 +        /​string ​ *"​VideoUri/​{
 +        while (1) {
 +            getline line
 +            if (line ~ /string "/)
 +                sub(/​.*string /, "​URI=",​ line)
 +                print line
 +                break
 +            }
 +        }
 +    ')
 +echo "​Midori is now playing: $TITLE ,the uri is: $URI"
 +</​code>​
midori/faq.txt · Last modified: 2014/06/05 00:44 by gue5t